Organic Evolution of the Urban Green Space SystemA Case Study of Shanghai

Organic Evolution of the Urban Green Space SystemA Case Study of Shanghai
ISBN: 
978-7-5428-5885-6/G·3272
出版日期: 
2014-04
开本: 
16开
页码: 
204
定价(元): 
60.00
作者: 
张浪
  

目录

 

List of illustrationsv

Prefacexi

 

Chapter  1

Characteristics, Contents and Sustainable Development Modes of Urban Green Space System in Hyper metropolis  1

1.1 Definition of Hyper metropolis  2

1.1.1 Concept of Hyper metropolis  2

1.1.2 Characteristics of Hyper metropolises  2

1.1.3 Concept of Hyper metropolises  5

1.2 Connotation of Urban Green Space Systems of Hyper metropolises  6

1.2.1 Types of Urban Green Space Systems of Hyper metropolises  7

1.2.2 Quality of Urban Green Space Systems of Hyper metropolises  7

1.2.3 Management of the Urban Green Space Systems of Hyper metropolises  8

1.3 The Characteristics of the Urban Green Space System in Hyper metropolises  9

1.3.1 Integration of the Functions of Green Land  9

1.3.2 Diversification of Planning Factors  9

1.3.3 Complication of Layout Structure  10

1.3.4 The Legalization of Planning and Implementation  10

1.4 The Sustainable Development Mode of Urban Green Space System in Hyper metropolises—Organic Evolutionary Theory  10

1.4.1 Evolutionism  11

1.4.2 Theory of System Evolution  13

1.4.3 Evolution of Urban Green Space System  17

1.5 Summary  19

 

Chapter  2

Historical Evolution and Development of Urban Green Space Sys tem Layout Structure Theory  24

2.1 The Green Vein System in the Integral Structures of Cities  24

2.1.1 Foundation of Nature and Ecology  25

2.1.2 Urban Construction Space and Transportation Spatial Structure  27

2.1.3 Structure of Urban Society and Economy  28

2.1.4 Layout Structure of Urban Green Space Systems  28

2.1.5 Functional Structure of Urban Green Space Systems  31

2.2 From Garden City to National Landscaping and Gardening Movement  33

2.2.1 Theories of Garden City Planning in Modern Times  33

2.2.2 McHarg’s “Overlay maps” Model  44

2.2.3 Landscape Ecology  45

2.2.4 Exploration of Green Urban Space  47

2.3 Green Space Systems of Ecological Cities  51

2.3.1 Sustainable Development of Human Inhabitation Environment  52

2.3.2 Green Space System of Ecological Garden City  54

2.3.3 Construction of Ecological Green Space System  54

2.4 Super huge Urban Green Space System Based on Organic Evolution  56

2.4.1 Evolutionary Mechanism of Urban Green Space System  56

2.4.2 Evolution of Dynamic Mechanism  61

2.4.3 Evolution of Public Policy  66

2.4.4 Promoting Evolution of Internal City Structure  72

2.4.5 Evolution of the Relationship between Urban and Rural Areas  80

2.4.6 Evolution of Ecological Resources  83

2.4.7 Evolution of Ecological Green Space Function  89

2.5 Summary92

 

Chapter  3

Research on the Layout Structure of Urban Green Space Systems in Hyper metropolises  101

3.1 Comparison of Green Space System Planning Layout Structure in Mega cities at Home and Abroad  101

3.1.1 Merits and Demerits of the Main Structure Mode  101

3.1.2 Merits and Demerits of Main Structure Modes in China  107

3.1.3 Comparisons between Overseas and Domestic City Greening System Layout Patterns  109

3.2 The Significance of Hyper metropolitan Green Space System Layout Structure and the Urban Spatial Structure  115

3.2.1 Improving the Ecology of Urban Space  115

3.2.2 Controlling Urban Sprawl and Reflecting the City’s Main Style  115

3.2.3 Building Urban Green Space Systems to Meet the Needs of People  116

3.2.4 Improving the City’s Disaster Prevention and Mitigation System, Strengthen-ing the Protective Effect  116

3.3 Evolution of Metropolis’ Urban Green Space System Layout  118

3.3.1 Network  118

3.3.2 Diversification  119

3.3.3 Three dimensionalization  119

3.3.4 Urban rural Integration  120

3.3.5 Regionalization  120

3.4 Summary  121

 

Chapter  4

Evolution of Shanghai’s Urban Green System Layout Structure  125

4.1 The Leap forward Development of Shanghai’s Green Space Construction  125

4.1.1 Slow Development (1949 to 1978)  126

4.1.2 Stable Growth (1986 to 1998)  127

4.1.3 Leap forward Development (1998 to 2005)  127

4.1.4 Quality Improvement (2005 to the present)  128

4.2 The Mutation of Urban Green Space System Layout of Shanghai  129

4.2.1 Three Major Green Space System Planning Types Summary  130

4.2.2 Comparisons between Two Important Planning Layout Structure Mutations  134

4.2.3 The Mutation Trend of the Layout Structure  137

4.3 Evolution of Planning—The Origin of Basic Ecological Network Planning in Shanghai  147

4.3.1 Analysis of Problems in Green Space System Layout  148

4.3.2 Evaluation of the Basic Ecological Planning Status in Shanghai  149

4.3.3 Ecological Footprint Analysis Approach and Ecological Sensitivity Analysis  153

4.3.4 Necessity of Basic Ecological Network Planning  155

4.4 Summary  156

 

Chapter 5

Basic Ecological Network Planning of Shanghai  160

5.1 Goals and Strategies Basic Ecological Network Planning of Shanghai  161

5.1.1 Establishing Planning Goals and Research Ideas  161

5.1.2 Index and Research of Strategy of Ecological Network Planning  163

5.2 Characteristics of the Basic Ecological Network Plan of Shanghai  166

5.2.1 Breakthrough in the Planning Concept  166

5.2.2 Adjustment of the Planning Level  168

5.2.3 Breakthrough in the Control Elements of Planning  171

5.2.4 Breakthrough in the Establishment of the Control Line of Planning  173

5.3 Construction of Shanghai’s Multi level Ecological Space System  176

5.4 Important Research of Measures of the Ecological Space System Construction of the Surrounding Area of the City Center  182

5.4.1 Analysis of the Current Ecological Situation in the Surrounding Areas of the City Center  182

5.4.2 Construction of the Ecological Space System in the Surrounding Areas of the City Center  184

5.5 Summary  

内容提要

前言

 

        The urban green space system, an artificial ecosystem, is the only infrastructure with life. With the acceleration of urbanization in China, there has been an obvious increase in hyper-metropolises. Focusing on the weak points of China’s urban green space system research in layout and structuring, this study conducts theoretical and empirical research on the green space systems of hyper-metropolises.

        There are serious imbalances between the current theory and the practical develop-ment of green space system planning of hyper-metropolises. With the background of the globalization of hyper-metropolises, the study sets forth and demonstrates urban green space system evolution theory in the light of system theory and evolutionism through the empirical investigation of urban green space system planning and construction in Shanghai.

        This book is made up of five parts. Chapter One defines the characteristics and connotations of the urban green space system in hyper-metropolises and puts forward the organic evolution theory, a sustainable development mode of green space systems. Chapter Two makes a comparative study of the urban green space planning theories at home and abroad and expounds the mechanism of the organic evolution theory. Chapter Three compares the layout and structures of green space systems in hyper-metropolises at home and abroad. Chapter Four is a historical review of the layout of green space systems in Shanghai and probes into its future construction. Chapter Five elaborates on the basic ecology network planning in Shanghai.

        The following are innovations provided by this research from the perspectives of logic, thinking mode, theory construction and research method.

        To begin with, it is the first systematic research at home and abroad focusing on the layout and construction of the green space system in hyper-metropolises.

        Secondly, it is a relatively comprehensive research on the layout and structure of green space systems in hyper-metropolises, one of the most important and the most difficult problems of today.

        Thirdly, it employs the innovative thinking mode in the research of green space system planning of hyper-metropolises.

        Furthermore, it sets forth and demonstrates the urban green space system evolution theory.

 Finally, it is the first empirical study on the planning and construction of green space systems in hyper-metropolises considering both the horizontal (space) and vertical (time) dimensions. 

 

        August 28, 2013

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